DLM PENEL ARKEO PERANAN GEOL PENTING DL KAJIAN ARKEO –> disebut GEOARKEO
# Of all of the sciences utilized in modern archaeological research, that of geology has the longest history of association with archaeology. Surprisingly, perhaps, geoarchaeology as a recognized sub-discipline has taken slightly longer to establish itself than others such as bioarchaeology
DEF GEOARKEO ADL PENERAPAN ILMU KEBUMIAN UNT MENYELESAIKAN MASALAH DLM KAJIAN ARKEO
# Geoarchaeology here is used to describe the application of the geosciences to solve research problems in archaeology
PENERAPAN GEOL UNT ARKEO KHUSUSX PREHISTORIC DIMULAI SEJAK AWAL ABAD 19
# The interaction between the sciences of geology and archaeology has a long and honourable history, going back to the early 19th century, when geology and prehistoric archaeology developed substantially in parallel.
PER KEMBANGAN ILMU ARKEO & GEOL DIMULAI PD AWAL ABAD 19
# The beginnings of scientific archaeology in the 19th century are intimately tied to the parallel development of geology [P.7]
PD PERTENGAHAN ABD 19 DITEMUKAN FOSIL2 TL BERSAMA ALAT BATU DI GUHA ATAU TERAS SUNGAI MEMBUKTIKAN ADANYA AKTIVITAS MNS. TP HAL INI JG DIANGGAP SBG AKIBAT BANJUR NOAH
# Increasing attention was paid during the first half of the 19th century to the commingling [percampuran] of the bones of extinct animals with handaxes as evidence of human activity in either
cave deposits or the gravel terraces of major European rivers. As a result of careful stratigraphic observation of such deposits, the widely accepted biblical interpretation that these deposits reflected the remnants of Noah’s flood, and that the Earth had been created in 4004 BC — gradually gave way to an evolutionary model, requiring considerably longer time periods
DI US ARKEO BAGIAN DR ANTHRO
# The survival into the 20th century of native North American cultures in many areas of the USA and Canada caused the disciplines of archaeology and anthropology to develop together, to such an extent that the majority of academic archaeologists in US institutions form components of larger Departments of Anthropology
DI US ISTILAH GEOARKEO LEBIH DIKENAL
# Perhaps surprisingly, therefore, the term “geoarchaeology” has greater currency [peredaran, beredar] in the USA than in Europe
GEOMORF & SEDIMENTOLOGY PERLU UNT KAJIAN ARKEO
# It is in this context in particular that the skills of geomorphologists and sedimentologists have been essential to understanding the archaeological record.
INTERAKSI ARKEO DG GEOL DIBG 2 YAITU GEOARKEO & ARKEO GEOLOGI
# In one of the most recent of these, Rapp & Hill (1998) discuss extensively the nature of the interaction between geology and archaeology, and define two levels of interaction: geoarchaeology itself, approximately as defined above, and archaeological geology, which, in their view, is geological research that has direct relevance to archaeology.
ARKEO GEOL ADL RISET GEOL YG SECARA TDK LANGSUNG MENUNJANG ARKEO
# The former [geoarkeo] is part of archaeology itself. The latter [arkeo geol] is research carried out for geological reasons, but (perhaps incidentally, but often by design) has implications for archaeology
CONTO RISET ARKEO GEOL
# As an example, Rapp & Hill cite studies of coastal landforms and sea level changes around the Mediterranean, which of course have important repercussions [gema, pembalikan] for our interpretation of the development of society and trade in the region.