Goldberg & Macphail

[14-11-15St vbm]
Preface
*Geoarchaeology within the past two decades has become a fundamental discipline whose value is recognized by everyone interested in past human history [=>penelitian geoarkeologi sejak 2 dekade terakhir ini menjd minat org yg tertarik kpd penelitian sejarah mns kuno]
*First, archaeologists have become increasingly sensitive to the fact that sediments and stratigraphy provide the ultimate context for the artifacts and features that they excavate [=>penget bat sedimen & stratigrafi diperlukan oleh ahli arkeologi ketika dia melakukan penggalian]
*Environmentalists (e.g. paleoecologists, soil scientists,
sedimentologists,geologists, biologists, and climatologists) on the other hand, have turned to archaeology, because it provides along-term view of human–environment interactions that have shaped both Quaternary and Holocenelandscapes [=>ahli lingkungan termasuk geolog tertarik dg info dr arkeolog krn mrk perlu data bgm interaksi mns jaman dl dg lingkungan kuarter & holosen]
*Such knowledge can have a critical bearing on the future [pengetahuan tersebut dapat memiliki pengaruh penting pada masa depan]for example, through identifying areas of sustainable landuse [penggunaan lahan berkelanjutan]
*Geoarchaeology is an important discipline, because as shown recently,it increases our understanding of human impacts on the landscape through the study of ancient soils and occupation deposits. These investigations can provide detailed histories of human endeavors [usaha keras manusia] up to the present.
*Although geoarchaeology – though not defined as such [meskipun tidak didefinisikan seperti itu] – had its roots at least in the eighteenth century (Rapp and Hill, 1998) it never came together as asubdiscipline until the appearance of the edited volume “Geoarchaeology: Earth Science and the Past” by Davidson and Shackley (1976).At this time Renfrew (1976) coined the term “geoarchaeology” in his Preface [=>geoarkeo suatu istilah yg dperkenalkan oleh Renfrew]
*In most cases however, the archaeological and human element as geoarchaeology was often underexplored in favor of
[mendukung]landscape studies. This present volume, Practical and Theoretical Geoarchaeology, attempts to address this deficiency by providing what we feel is a more balanced view of the discipline by including detailed investigations of human activities as revealed by geoarchaeology.
*This book aims to be both an educational and practical tool, describing how geoarchaeology is carried out across a wide range of environments and periods, employing examples from many countries
*The book is designed primarily for undergraduate students in
Archaeology and those Environmental and Geoscientists, who wish either to train in geoarchaeology or gain a background in this applied science

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