Anthropogenic geomorphology

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Abstract Today the human agent is equal in importance to other geomorphic factors. Although the energy released by human society is insignificant compared to the endogenic forces of the Earth (tectonic movements, volcanic activity,earthquakes), human impact is not only commeasurable [sepadan, seimbang] to the influence of exogenic processes but even surpasses [exceed, melampaui] their efficiency. Exponential population increase involved higher demands and the energy made available to meet the demands resulted in large-scale reworking of surface materials – at an even more rapidly growing rate, a process which is likely to be continued in the future. The subject of anthropogenic geomorphology is the description of the wide and ever-widening range of surface landforms, extremely diverse in origin and in purpose, created by the operation of human society. In a broader sense, artificially created landforms have manifold [ber-macam2] influences on the environment (e.g. alterations in meso- and microclimate, biota, etc.) and modify natural processes.

Keywords Anthropogenic geomorphology · Subject · System · Classification

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