Mecca

Mecca is a famous city for many Moslem in the world. This city always
flooded every years by Moslem pilgrims for doing religious activity so
called Hajj. We can find a cube-like building or house in the city of
Mecca that is Ka’bah. It is an important building or monument because
every Moslem from anywhere if they do pray (shalat) they must stand and face to the direction where the Ka’bah is located. Furthermore, as we have known that the prophet Muhammad saw was born in this city.

Mecca is situated on the basin and encircle by the mountains. Mecca is also called Ummul Quro means the mother of city. This name
appeared in surah Al An’am (6) verse 92 and surah Asy Syuura (42) verse 7. That’s way Mecca is considered as the oldest city in the world or as the origin of city or nation (see Ali Imran [3] verse 96).

Similarly, Ka’bah is also considered as the oldest house of worship. It
was built by prophet Adam who lived around 5872-4942 BC. Other opinion, it might be built by the Arab race led by prophet Ismail who lived around 1940-1800 BC.

Ref:
Islam digest Republika newspaper (31/1-2010)

Banceuy, 3 April 2010

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[18jul12R VBM]
Ali Imran (3) juz 4
96: Ssgnya rmh yg mula2 dibangun unt (tempat beribadat) mns ialah Baitullah yg di Bakkah (Mekah) yg diberkahi dan menjd petunjuk bg semua mns
* ahli kitab mengatakan bhw rmh ibadah yg pertama dibangun berada di Baitul Maqdis, oleh krn itu Allah swt membantahnya

97: Pdx terdpt tanda2 yg nyata (diantx) maqam Ibrahim (ialah tempat nabi Ibrahim as berdiri membangun Ka’bah); barang siapa memasukix (baitullah itu) menjd amanlah dia; mengerjakan haji adl kewajiban mns thd Allah yi (bg) org yg sanggup mengadakan perjalanan ke Baitullah ; Barangsiapa mengingkari (kewajiban haji) maka ssgx Allah Maha Kaya (tdk memerlukan s/) dr semesta alam

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^^ Mina: 8,11,12&13 (nafar awal) Dzulhijah
^^ Muzdalifah: 10 Dzulhijah
^^ Arafah: 9 Dzukhijah
^^ Lempar jumrah di Mina

_______________________________________________
^^ Ka’bah position: 21 25 20.88 N; 39 49 34.35 E; ele 301m [19sept12R vbm]

[23sept12M vbm]
Sumber: Tanya Jawab Ibadah Haji th 2003
Haji Tamattu’ (p.2)
^^Melakukan umrah terlebih dl pd musim haji sblm melakukan ibadah haji
^^Diwajibkan membayar dam nusuk (menyembelih seekor kambing, kalau tdk mampu diganti dg berpuasa 10hr yi 3hr di Makkah sblm wukuf di Arafah & 7hr di tanah air

Wajib haji (p.5)
1] Ihram haji dari miqat
2] Mabit di Muzdalifah
3] Mabit di Mina
4] Melontar Jamrah
5] Menghindari perbuatan yg terlarang dlm keadaan berihram
6] Tawaf wada’ bg yg akan meninggalkan Makkah

Ihram haji (p.8)
^^ Ihram adl niat masuk (mengerjakan) dlm ibadah haji & umrah dg menghindari hal2 yg dilarang selama berihram
1] Unt gol I, miqat (makani) ihramnya di Bir Ali (Bir’run Ali, Dzilhulaifah): 20km dari kota Madinah. Miqat makani adl tempat yg dijadikan bts unt memulai ihram haji/umrah (p.17)
2] Setelah memasuki masjid melakukan shalat sunaah dua rakaat dengan berniat untuk umrah atau haji
3]Berangkat menuju kota Makkah yang jaraknya hampir 500km dari Madinah.Sejak berangkat jamaah disunaahkan membaca talbiyah (jg shalawat & doa p.13)
Sumber: http://spirithaji.com/ziarah-a-sejarah/1009-masjid-dzulhulaifah.html

Rukun Umrah (p.6)
1] Ihram (niat) dari miqat makani yi di Bir Ali unt gol I
2] Tawaf
3] Sa’i
4] Bercukur
5] Tertib

Tawaf (p.19)
1] Mengelilingi ka’bah sebanyak 7 kali (Ka’bah selalu berada disebalh kiri), dimulai & diakhiri pd arah sejajar dg Hajar Aswad
2] Ketika memulai tawaf: miringkan badan & hadapkan muka ke arah ka’bah serta melambaikan tangan & mengecupx sambil mengucapkan: BISMILLAAHI WALLAHU AKBAR (p.20)
3] Shalat sunat tawaf: 2 rakaat dilakukan setelah selesai tawaf diblk maqam Ibrahim as atau didlm mesjidil Haram
4] Setelah itu SA’I

Multazam (p.26)
1] Tempat yg terletak diant Hajar Aswad & pintu Ka’bah
2] Bermunajat (mencurahkan isi hati, berserah diri unt mendekatkan diri kpd Allah swt) di depan Multazam kapan sj stlh selesai tawaf. Kalau bisa merapatkan badan di Multazam

Hijir Ismail (p.27)
1] Bagian bangunan Ka’bah yg terletak ant Rukun Syami & Rukun Iraqi yg ditandai dg tembok berbnt setengah lingkaran
2] Shalat sunat di Hijir Ismail dilakukan kpn sj

Sa’i (p.28)
1] Berjln (lari2 kecil bg laki2 ant 2 pilar hijau) mulai dr bukit Safa ke bukit Marwah & sebalikx sebanyak 7 kali yg berakhir di Bukit Marwah. Safa-Marwah dihitung 1x & Marwah-Safa dihitung 1x
2] Setelah selesai sa’i lakukan tahallul yi memotong rambut

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